Critical Thinking Essay P.1


                        [Critical thinking is] . . . the examination and test of propositions of any kind which are offered for acceptance, in order to find out whether they correspond to reality or not. The critical faculty is a product of education and training. It is a mental habit and power. It is a prime condition of human welfare that men and women should be trained in it. It is our only guarantee against delusion, deception, superstition, and misapprehension of ourselves and our earthly circumstances.


            For years even decades people have made many mistakes within their own confines of the way in which they think. Many great minds have strived to invent new things in which would help people and our society. Hoping to create a better world.

            What is Critical Thinking?

             First, since critical thinking can be defined in a number of different ways consistent with each other, we should not put a lot of weight on any one definition.

Definitions are at best scaffolding for the mind. With this qualification in mind, here is a bit of scaffolding: critical thinking is thinking about your thinking while you’re thinking in order to make your thinking better. Two things are crucial:

            1) critical thinking is not just thinking, but thinking which entails self-improvement.

                2) this improvement comes from skill in using standards by which one appropriately assesses thinking. To put it briefly, it is self-improvement (in thinking) through standards (that assess thinking).

            To think well is to impose discipline and restraint on our thinking-by means of intellectual standards — in order to raise our thinking to a level of  "perfection" or quality that is not natural or likely in undisciplined, spontaneous thought. The dimension of critical thinking least understood is that of  "intellectual standards." Most teachers were not taught how to assess thinking through standards; indeed, often the thinking of teachers themselves is very "undisciplined" and reflects a lack of internalized intellectual standards.



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