How To Write An Essay Guidelines


           Essays can be easy to write if the writer uses the “right” components and wants to write the best essay ever! You must begin your essay with an introduction. The introduction should start with a fact or facts about your essay theme which will capture the reader’s attention. After the initial attention-getter, the writer must explain why he/she is writing this essay. This is known as the thesis statement. The thesis statement explains clearly the central theme of the essay and prepares the reader to go on to the next portion of the essay, or the body.

            The body of the essay will expand the thesis statement into smaller components. Each paragraph in the body must be a “mini-thesis”. Each of these “mini-thesis” will have to always point back to the main thesis. Always remember that the mini-thesis must prove the original thesis. Each paragraph must either explain the thesis or continue to prove an argumentative point of the thesis (that is all dependent upon what kind of essay the writer is writing). The first sentence is an introduction to what the paragraph will be about. The middle of the paragraph will give researched information concerning the thesis statement and to prove the writer’s evidence and/or opinions on the essay’s theme. Each “mini-thesis” paragraph should end with concluding thoughts within each paragraph.

            These paragraphs will be repeated until the entire thesis statement has been proven or explained. These paragraphs should be organized, if needed, into headings and sub-headings to organize the writer’s thoughts concerning the initial thesis statement. Each paragraph should have only one mini-thesis. The writer does not want to place several ideas into one paragraph. This will not only cause confusion within the essay, but the writer’s thoughts will seem haphazard and generating from one thought to another. Remember that a paragraph needs only one central theme. The writer must continue that central theme throughout the paragraph.

            The conclusion of the essay is the part of the essay that will either call the reader to action, pull in concluding thoughts of the covered material, and to restate the thesis with your researched material. The conclusion should be a “re-cap” of what you have explained or proven by your essay; and a summary of the entire essay. The call to action conclusion is usually for a persuasive or argumentative essay. This call to action should be moving and influence the reader to either do something about the theme or feel compelled emotionally to take a certain stance. Other types of essays, such as research or expository essays should pull together the writer’s thoughts within the conclusion. Restating the thesis is important in all essays. The essay will not feel “finished” unless the writer has restated his/her original purpose.

            Writing a good essay depends upon three major components: organizing your thoughts; completing proper research; and using original ideas to make your essay a unique research or argument paper. The best essay is one which has a:
  • A clear and definitive thesis statement
  • An organized body with precise headings and sub-headings
  • A well researched thesis
  • Each paragraph structured as a “mini-thesis”
  • A conclusion which ties the entire paper together and restates the thesis statement
  • Reference page listing all the works cited in the main text (remember to review reference citation requirements for the type of essay the writer is completing…i.e. APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard, etc.)

Always at the end of your essay remember to PROOFREAD, PROOFREAD,
PROOFREAD! Your grade will often depend on accuracy and anyone can make mistakes….a well written essay is proofread several times.