How to write a comparison essay

Learning how to write a comparison essay may seem difficult initially. The task is to compare and contrast two similar ideas, constructs, or tangible things with one another. If the correct structure is used, the assignment can be a breeze. Following is a discussion of how you can adequately introduce, arrange, and conclude the comparison essay. Overall writing essays will become easier once you really know how to write a comparison essay.



There are a few easy steps that can get you started with this essay that will make the introductory paragraph much easier to deal with.

  • Read and understand the topics that are assigned.
  • Research the topics and decide what issues need to be addressed in the essay.
  • In the introduction, begin with a general statement about the two elements and then narrow your focus to the issues that are to be discussed.
  • Make sure that you include a rational, clearly delineated thesis statement within the body of the introductory paragraph.


Remember that the premise is first broached in the introduction. The audience needs to read what they are going to be told. How the body is going to be structured also needs to be explained in this initial paragraph.



The body of the essay can be constructed in several different ways. You have two different entities to present and compare and the body of the paper is where evidence needs to be given that leads to a conclusion. Realize that due to the research and thought that you have put into this topic, you are the subject expert. Make sure and do the topics justice by clearly and succinctly ensuring that the reader understands the issues at hand. Here are the most common types of structures that can be followed when comparing and contrasting two subjects.

  • Method One: Split the body of the essay into two distinct halves. The first half will tell about one subject and the second half the other. It is always best to use the second half, directly before the conclusion, to discuss the topic that you feel the most strongly about. These essays are also persuasive; people generally pick one side or the other. Let your side be the last thing that the audience will read.


  • Method Two: When you have many points to make about the disparate issues, use one paragraph per issue. This means that you discuss both topics in each paragraph. This allows you to directly compare and contrast the two issues with a multitude of separate points.
  • Method Three: Use the first few paragraphs of the body to compare the different topics on certain issues and the last few paragraphs of the body to contrast the two topics on those same issues.


Any one of these methods will work depending on how you decide that the information you have gathered will stand out the best. Complex issues may be dealt with the best using Method Three and topics that have a lot of points to be considered may come out best using Method Two. Make sure that whatever method you choose it represents the comparison in such a way that the reader will best understand what you are saying.



In the conclusion to any paper you need to restate the purpose of the essay. Use the following structure to make sure that all the bases are covered.

  • In the first sentence, restate the thesis statement. This brings the reader back to the main point.
  • Next briefly outline the main points in two or three sentences.
  • Draw the entire paper together by leaving the reader with a conclusory statement that shows them your intent or bias.


A successful conclusion is one that draws the entire essay to a thorough close. Without this element the reader is left hanging. Tie up any loose ends and make sure that the message is clear. Learning how to write a comparison essay just became easier!