How to write a conclusion

One of the most important things that a writer can learn is how to finish a piece. It is sometimes more of an art to draw the entire message to a close than to start the essay and fill in the necessary part in the middle. Learning how to write a conclusion will allow you to finish the topic with the same strength with which it was begun. Following are some easy tips which allow one to wrap things up in a succinct, yet complete, manner.



The conclusion reiterates to the reader why they needed to read the piece in the first place. Therefore, to successfully complete an essay you should:

  • Restate the introduction - You do not want this to be a word for word paragraph, but it should echo the same themes. The reader should be reminded of what they read during the essay also because even though all three parts of the essay are separate, they lead the reader in the same direction.
  • Answer the "why" question - Why did the audience need to read this particular piece of literature. What was the purpose and why that was so important that they needed to spend these hours reading and studying it.
  • Leave a final impression - The conclusion of an essay is the final word you have with the reader. Make sure that the essay leaves an indelible imprint on that person.
  • Stress the importance of the thesis - The essay was about something. This should have been clearly delineated in the introduction with a thesis statement. Make sure and bring that statement up again with an explanation of how you satisfied it.
  • Give the essay a sense of completeness - Tie up any literary loose ends. Make sure that the conclusion fully wraps up the essay.


Different essays will have distinct conclusions that in some way pay homage to the above tips. The major types of essay are persuasive, comparative, and an informative essay. Here is an example of each type.

Comparative: The apple, though juicy and pleasant to the eye, does not meet the old adage of keeping the doctor away as well as an orange. The tropical fruit contains much more vitamin C, roughage and flavor. Research proves that oranges satisfy more nutritional needs of a person even though they are not as readily available. So, when there is a choice it is much better to pick an orange for the many reasons listed, but an apple is a far better snack than anything that is not natural.

This conclusion restates the thesis in the first paragraph, revisits the main points of the article, and then brings everything to a close. The final statement of the essay also leads the reader to the general topic of nutrition with the insinuation that fruit is always a better choice for a snack.

Persuasive: When choosing a countertop it may not seem like the best idea to choose a surface that is going to increase your overall cost like natural stone will. However, granite or a stone composite is the best choice for a countertop. Stone offers a more durable surface, a greater variety of colors, and a look that will never fade. Stone can take the hottest of pots and stand any amount of wear that a family can give to it. In the end, any other product will make you wish that you had chosen stone from the outset. Aside from the obvious advantages, it gives any kitchen a rich, mellow look that will make your kitchen the envy of the block.

The final paragraph for a persuasive essay should contain all the elements of a good conclusion plus make sure that the argument is fully settled. There should be no doubt why the reader needs to accept your point of view.

Informative: Casey Stengel was not the most popular manager baseball has ever produced. He was not the winningest nor had he the best attitude. What he did do was create men who could face the adversity of a baseball field and the larger world around them. Stengel was like a general who readied his troops for battle and then gave them all the tools to meet the enemy.

 Informative essays should by reiterating information, but also have a very strong closing statement to draw the essay together.

Every conclusion will be a challenge. Whether you are writing one of the big three types or attempting to inform your audience in some other way the basics are the same. A conclusion is the last word. Make sure that you have given the reader what they need to know in an understandable way and then close succinctly.