How to write the body of a essay

The introduction to an essay gives the reader a thesis statement and an idea of the structure that the essay is going to follow. The conclusion of the essay makes sure that the audience understands what was said by restating the thesis, salient points of the paper and also gives the reader other things to think about regarding the topic. However, the most important part of the paper is the body. The body of any essay lines out the topic, making sure that the audience has grasped the point of view in a clear manner. It is possible to write without knowing how to write the body of an essay, but it will be much easier to do if these few tips are followed.

  • Explain your point of view - This means that you must understand the type of essay you are writing and guide the reader toward a definite conclusion through a proper structure. Depending on the type of essay you will write a little differently, but the basics are the same for all essays.
  • Start each sentence with a declarative statement - For every paragraph within the essay you are writing a thesis statement for that paragraph first. This sentence should encompass all that you are going to talk about in that section and nothing else.
  • Build your point with each sentence - Make sure that the sentences within the different paragraphs support the idea you presented in the first, or topic, sentence. The paragraph shouldn't have to be long to support a point. If you are going past five sentences, consider breaking the topic sentence into two parts and two different paragraphs.
  • Make sure that each topic sentence, at the beginning of each paragraph, supports the thesis statement - Every paragraph should support the thesis statement that you wrote in the introduction.
  • Make the essay flow from paragraph to paragraph - This is imperative for a well written essay. The entire essay should seem like one continuous, well-written piece. It should not sound jerky as it moves from one topic to another.


Knowing how to write the body of an essay will make all of your writing sound better. Following are some examples of different types of essays and how the body of those different types should be structured.

            Comparative: You can structure the body in one of three ways:

  • Explain how one point affects both items in each sentence.
  • Explain a point per paragraph again but alternate items in the different paragraphs. Like this:

Paragraph One:             Item One/Point One
Paragraph Two:            Item Two/Point One
Paragraph Three:          Item One/Point Two
Paragraph Four:            Item Two/Point Two

And so on until all of the topics are covered.

  • Explain each point for each item in several paragraphs and then do the same with the second item. Like this:


Paragraph One:             Item One/Point One
Paragraph Two:            Item One/Point Two
Paragraph Three:          Item Two/Point One
Paragraph Four:            Item Two/Point Two

                                    Make enough paragraphs to cover all points.

Persuasive: This type of essay is going to allow you to be creative with the type of structure that you wish to use. You are trying to convince someone that the point you are making is the correct one. There are basically two ways to argue and they by using inductive or deductive reasoning.

  • Inductive Reasoning - In this debating style you start with a specific point and build you argument based on more and more general statements. Like this:

    - White moths turned black in order to use the camouflag they were afforded.
    - The birds ate the white moths.
    - The forest burned and a particular moth had a recessive black gene amongst normally white moths.
    -  Micro-evolution can be proven by the case of certain white moths in South Americas whose progeny turned completely black because the white ones were selected out of the population by birds.

  • Deductive Reasoning - As you may have guessed this is exactly the opposite of inductive. A general point is made that is easily assented to, and the points get smaller until the thesis statement is reached. It would be accomplished like this:


- Micro-evolution happens in nature.
- Certain crayfish went to live in the constant darkness of caves.
- These crayfish lost all sight and pigment because there was no light.
- Crayfish in these caves are an example of micro-evolution at work.

Informative: This is the easiest essay to structure. You are not trying to argue any point the essay is just about information. Therefore, all you have to do is follow the generic body laid out in the tips above.

Learning how to write the body of an essay is not difficult, but it does take some practice to master the different types. Follow the guidelines and the examples delineated above and you should have no problems.